Danube River Cruise - Spring 2013

Part 3: Budapest, Hungary

(Click on the pictures to see enlargements.)
Saturday March 30

House of ParliamentChain BridgeWe arrived in Budapest this morning and started right off getting great views from the river before we even docked! (House of Parliament at the left.)  We had a wonderful tour with our guide Sonja. Again, we chose an "up close" walking tour where we used public transportation instead of the Viking Bus - it was a total of 4 hours with one hour free time in the market.  This was much, much better than the Vienna one.  Since we were docked right by the Chain Bridge on the Pest side, we started our walk by crossing the bridge over to the Buda side of the city (right photo).  The Chain Bridge was the first permanent bridge over the Danube to connect Buda and Pest. The road is suspended by iron chains, hence the name "Chain Bridge;" it was inaugurated in 1849.  

zero kilometerfunicularWe saw a few sites of interest, including the only tunnel in Budapest (opened in 1856, it runs under Buda Castle to provide a shortcut to the other side of Castle Hill) and the "zero kilometer" marker (left) - all roads in Hungary start counting from this point - and then we took the funicular (right) to the top of the hill.  From there, of course we had to take pictures of the view, looking back at Pest!   At the left below you'll see Barb's "tourist" picture.  If you follow the Chain Bridge back across the Danube, just to the left of it is the Prestige, our ship (to the right of the bridge is a different Viking ship).  If the bridge kept going, it would go right into Gresham Palace (which is now a Four Seasons Hotel).  To the right of the palace (as we're looking at it) is the Ministry of the Interior; and behind it is St. Stephen's Basilica.  

In the center, below, is Sandor Palace, the President's home, and to the right is the Hilton Hotel.   The Buda side of the river is the "old" side and building codes insist that any new construction must be compatible with the old buildings that remain.  The Hilton was built with reflective siding so what you see when you look at it are the old buildings around it - from this view, St. Matthias Church.  Apparently they were able to convince the board that this was acceptable!  Pretty clever.

Barb above Danube   Sandor Palace   Hilton Hotel

The main attraction at the top of the hill is the Royal Palace (aka Buda Castle) that now houses the Hungarian National Library and Hungarian National Gallery, among other things.  There will be a night picture of it later on but there wasn't time to do it all, so we didn't visit the palace on this trip.  Also in the area is the oldest theater, opened in 1790, that has a plaque commemorating a concert there by Beethoven on May 7, 1800.    Below are pictures of St. Matthias Church (left), which was closed to tourists because of Easter weekend; the Fisherman's Bastion (center); and the Trinity Monument, that commemorates the end of the plague - very similar to the one we saw in Vienna.  

St. Matthias Church   Fisherman's Bastion   Trinity Monument

From the Fisherman's BastionParliament and Buda ReformedOf course, up on the Fisherman's Bastion we had to take more pictures!  The one on the left gives you an overview of the area - you can see St. Matthias church, the monument to Saint Stephen I, also the first King of Hungary, and more of the bastion as it wrapped defensively above the river.    The picture to the right was taken  looking north east from the bastion, you can see Parliament across the river and, on this side, the top of the distinctive Buda Reformed Church.

excavation at Buda HiltonWe stopped briefly in the lobby of the Hilton Hotel - it's quite interesting and they are apparently tolerant of tourists using their rest rooms!  We were rather taken aback at first by all of the people in kilts until we realized there was a Scots wedding being hosted there this weekend.  Smile  The Hilton is actually built around the site of medieval ruins that are still being excavated.  So one can sit in the very modern lobby and look out into a courtyard from antiquity (pictured at left).

We looked around the Castle District a bit more, saw some buildings of note and then took a bus back across the river to the Pest side.  At Vörösmarty Square, the main activity was an  Easter Market.  At left below is some of the entertainment - they were quite good.  In the center is a statue of beloved Hungarian poet Mihály Vörösmarty - he is surrounded by people of all different classes as he was a "father" to them all.  It was erected in 1908 and paid for entirely by donations.  The very first coin raised for this project is imbedded in it.  It's hard to see, so I helpfully enlarged it on the right!   On the right side of the poet (as we look at the statue) is a mother who is holding a little girl.  The coin is to the left of the child's head and shows up as a darker circle in the stone.

entertainment  Vorosmarty statue  coin in sculpture

Vaci UtcaElizabeth BridgeFrom there we walked down Vaci Utca (shown at left) - a major shopping area that is mostly pedestrian - ending up at the Great Market Hall.  On the way down to the end we passed the Elizabeth Bridge (shown on the right).  That's one of the newer bridges in Budapest, built in the early 1960's, and named for Elisabeth of Bavaria (aka Sisi) who was well-loved by the Austrian and Hungarian people but assassinated by an anarchist in 1898. 

Great Market HallThe Market Hall, shown at the right, was built at the end of the 19th century.  We had about an hour in the market to wander around.  We started at the ATM to get some HUF's (Hungarian Forints - the local currency; when we were there the exchange rate was roughly 230 HUF = $1).  There is just about anything you could possibly want at this giant marketplace.  On the main level, mostly food (fresh fruits and veggies, meats and seafood plus every sort of spice, herb or accompaniment you could think of); upstairs were all sorts of textiles, crafts, accessories and some "food to go" places.  Each is its own little stall so it is much like an upscale flea market.  I bought some paprika and goulash paste to take home; Katie bought a purple leather purse that she fell in love with.  The picture at left below was taken from the second floor looking down the main aisle. In the center is one of the vegetable displays (remember the exchange rate before you gasp at the prices) and on the right a butcher shop - all right there in the marketplace!  
Inside Market Hall vegetable stall butcher stall

textilesFreedom StatueOne more market picture at the left - one of the textile stalls upstairs.  As we left the market, looking west over the Danube, we could see the Liberty Statue (aka Freedom Statue), shown at the right - she is holding a palm leaf above her head.  Initially erected in 1947, it was first intended to commemorate the Soviets who freed Hungary from the Nazi reign.  After 1989, however, at the end of communist rule, the inscription was changed to read (translation):  To the memory of all those who sacrificed their lives for the independence, freedom, and prosperity of Hungary.

Prestige BellWe then caught Tram #2, that runs along the river, to take us back to the Chain Bridge, and our ship, for lunch.  I had to take a picture of the Prestige bell (left) just because.  That afternoon we were both exhausted and, since we knew we had 2 more days in Budapest, we didn't go back out after lunch.  We got a start on packing and I actually fell asleep for about an hour;  Katie had a good time just resting in bed taking pictures of people who passed by as they walked along the river!

We had a great dinner for our last night on board (rack of lamb).  I went up to the lounge and listened to the Hungarian Folk Group for a little while.  They were very good but we had to finish packing and reset our clocks. Although we had already lost an hour for Daylight Savings Time in the US, in Europe the time change is the last Sunday in March so we lost another hour.  Somehow that doesn't seem fair!  And we had to take a walk around the ship to see all the great views outside.  At left is the Chain Bridge with the Royal Palace behind it; on the right is St. Matthias Church and the Fisherman's Bastion in front of it.  It's all rather fairy tale like isn't it?

Chain Bridge and Palace         St.Matthias and Bastion
Sunday, March 31

disembarkingstaircase in Le MeridienWe slept until 7 this morning and didn't even hear those who had to leave at 3 AM to get their early flights out.  (Our turn will come Tuesday!) Since they have a new tour coming aboard this afternoon, we had to be out of our cabins by 8:30AM so they could begin cleaning; but then we had time for breakfast and to read in the lounge until about 9:25 when the bus came to take us to Le Meridien Hotel for our last two nights. Ah, the last time we get the red carpet (at left) until our next cruise!  The hotel is very elegant (see the staircase at the right above) but our rooms were not ready yet so they stored our luggage for us and we went off to explore on this rainy afternoon.

Great SynagogueGarden of HeroesWe decided that, given the weather, it would be a good day to do an inside thing, like a museum.  So we set off for the Hungarian National Museum (which is walking distance).  But we had only gone a block or so when we saw the Great Synagogue (picture at left) so we made the detour across the street to see the synagogue first.  There were no tours this week because of Passover but we could see the various memorials that were outside.   The building has miraculously existed since 1859.  We walked around it, saw the arcade area with old tombstones, the Garden of Heroes (at right) where over 2000 Jews who died in 1944-45 are buried.  At the end of the courtyard is the Holocaust Memorial (left below) and behind the Synagogue is  Raoul Wallenberg Holocaust Memorial Park.  The most striking feature of the park is the Memorial of the Hungarian Jewish Martyrs - more commonly known as the Tree of Life sculpture (center, below).  Created by Imre Varga, it has the form of a weeping willow on which each leaf is inscribed with the names and tattoo numbers of over 400,000 Jews who died at the hands of the Nazis.  Katie got a closeup of a cluster of the leaves (on the right).   I was extremely moved by the little teardrops (remember it was a rainy day) at the end of each leaf.   

holocaust memorial   Tree of Life   Leaves

Then we went on down Múzeum Körút to the Hungarian National Museum (pictured at left) Hungarian National Museumwhich was interesting primarily in pointing out how totally ignorant I was about Hungarian history.  embarassed  There was a fairly hefty fee to take pictures inside so we decided against that.  The museum was founded in 1802 and is a wonderful collection of artifacts, exhibits, photos, etc. relating to the nation's history.  We saw some impressive archeological finds dating back to around the 5th century BC,  a coronation mantle handed down from St. Stephen in 1031 AD, and a portable clavichord originally bought for Mozart to practice on during tours, among many other items.  But it was when we got into the 20th Century that I was totally humbled.  I suppose at some point I had learned about the Austro-Hungarian Empire breakup after WWI, and subsequent loss of much of Hungary to surrounding countries, but the significance of it all hadn't "stuck" until I visited the country and walked through so much of its history.  

I think we got ripped off at a food stand on the way back to our hotel, but we were starving by then and saw some very yummy shiska-bobs.  I thought we asked for the price of 2 of them and he quoted us 2430HUF.  But then he only gave us one.  It was very big and enough to share, but I think that was way more than one should have cost.  However, not knowing the language is a serious disadvantage and it just didn't seem worth fussing about since it WAS very good and held our hunger at bay until dinner.  So we paid a tourist penalty for our street food!
Dinner at Pilvax
Back at the hotel we got into our room – the luggage was already brought up and ready for us.  It's large and fancy; a nice bathroom with both tub and shower and a heated floor!  We have a wonderful Viking Host here at the Le Meridien.  His name is Andas and he was very helpful; so he made us reservations for supper tonight at Pilvax.  It's a nice bistro very close to the hotel.  I had "chicken supreme" which was a breast and wing with gnocchi and tomato sauce above it and pesto below it (for the red, white, green Hungarian flag) and it was wonderful - and deserved a picture.  Katie had duck and it also was great.  While the entrée prices were very reasonable ($10 for mine, $15 for hers) we also had dessert and 3 glasses of wine so it added up!  We just need more moderation.  It's probably good that we only have 2 days here on our own.

Monday April 1

Breakfast roomWe slept in this morning - had breakfast around 9:30 in the very nice breakfast room (left - and closeup of the skylight on the right) and it was 10:30 or so before we left the hotel.  skylight detailBut the sky was blue, the sun was out and it was in the 40's.  And oh my, we packed a lot into the day!  We started at St. Stephen's Basilica, not sure if it would be open for tourists on Easter Monday. It was not only open (200 HUF) but they let us in during a Mass!  I was glad to see that the tourists were respectful and we had the super treat of hearing the organ and choir perform the Hallelujah Chorus by Handel in addition to a couple of other pieces: hymns and a postlude.  Awesome.  Pictured below, left to right: front of the basilica, sanctuary and ceiling.

St. Stephen's Basilica  sanctuary  ceiling

Then we hiked the 364 steps up the spiral staircase to the dome. Wonderful views all around but very windy -  I tried to keep the pictures limited but there were so many good ones.  Sigh. couldn't help myself  First, looking down the stairs about half way up; Katie's tourist picture and a view that includes the Parliament building by the river - do notice the beautiful blue sky!  

stairs  Katie over Budapest  Parliament from dome

The next row shows the view from the front of the basilica all the way to the Danube and across to Buda.  In the enlarged view, you can see the Royal Palace on the left and St. Matthias and the Fisherman's Bastion on the right.  If you follow the street through the square (which is where we were standing to take the first picture above) and keep going, the light brown patch is the river!  The center picture shows you we were right up there as high as the towers!  The clocks, by the way, do show the right time.  Finally, after we were back down, we walked around to the back and took this picture of the other side of the basilica.

View from dome  Tower by dome  Back of basilica

Opera HouseHouse of TerrorNext we walked up Andrássy Ut, a very well-known street, passing many interesting buildings on the way.  Just to highlight a couple I've included the opera house (left) and some of the pictures of holocaust victims all around the front of the House of Terror museum (right).   We saw many office buildings and apartment buildings with statues of such disparate folks as Mór Jókai (19th century Hungarian writer), Szondy Gyorgy (captain of Drégely Castle in 1544) and Rennaissance poet Balassi Balint.  We sighted a functional public telephone booth and passed a Segway tour (left below)!  

Finally we arrived at Heroes Square, the entrance to Városliget Park (pictured in center below) which was our destination for the afternoon.  We started at the Fine Arts Museum (pictured at right).  

Segway tour  Heroes Square  Fine Arts Museum

Marble HallAntiquities jewelryWe spent about 2 hours in the Fine Arts Museum - their fee for a photo pass was much more reasonable (I think it was 300HUF - less than $1.50) and so we purchased one.  Since Katie had the better camera I assigned her custody of the permit.  At left is the Marble Hall - as you can see, the building is a great "fine art" itself.  And to the right some of the jewelry in the Classical Antiquities collection;  such amazing detail and of course, all done by hand.  Garden of EdenAmong my favorite paintings were a Pissarro landscape, a painting of "Garden of Eden with the Fall of Man" (Jan Breughel, the younger - photo at left) and a wonderful painting of a "Centaur at the Village Blacksmith’s Shop" (Arnold Böcklin).   There are many Garden of Eden paintings by both the younger and the elder Breughel - it was something of a challenge to track down which one this was since I was careless enough not to note the precise artist while we were there.  I liked it in part because the emphasis was on the "Eden" - beautiful animals and landscape, and you only noticed the "fall" if you were looking for it.  Palace of ArtWay in the background, very small, you can see Eve, apparently excited about presenting Adam with an apple.   When we felt overwhelmed, it was time to go back out in the sun and enjoy the park, even though there was much more to see in the museum.

Directly across the square from the Fine Arts Museum is the Palace of Art (at right), which we skipped this trip.  Városliget Park is a huge city park that includes, besides several museums, a zoo, a circus, a pond and a large "castle" on an island (left). Vajdahunyad Castle Well, the lake had been drained when we were there so it wasn't exactly an island!  When we told our host in the hotel that we were setting off for Városliget today he laughed and said that would take a week!  He's right.  But we had to settle for a few hours. The vendors around the castle were all selling corn on the cob, big soft pretzels and mulled cider. 

Vajdahunyad Castle was built around 1900 as part of the Millennial Exhibition which celebrated the 1000 years of Hungary since the Conquest of the Carpathian Basin in 895.  It was originally made of cardboard!  But it proved so popular that it was rebuilt with permanent materials between 1904 and 1908.  It contains replicas of buildings from different time periods and architectural style.  Below, left to right, are just a few of the different styles: the entrance to the castle (looks very Disney-like, doesn't it?), a gothic section and the Romanesque Church of Jak.

Entrance to castle  Gothic part of castle  Church of Jak

Museum of AgricultureSzechenyi BathsThe Agricultural Museum is housed in a very Baroque portion of the castle (left).  At right is the main building of the Széchenyi Thermal Bath Complex.  In talking with people who took the time to visit, it sounds like a giant waterpark - with a "lazy river" and many different kinds of pools - all naturally heated.  They said the water comes in so hot that it actually has to be diluted by cool water to make it usable!  When we go back to Budapest and have more time, I will definitely try out one of the many baths in the city!

Other views within the park include some Andean musicians - playing pipes, singing and selling CD's, a nice pond near the zoo and circus with the requisite ducks, and the Müjégpálya Pavilion (opened in 1870) that overlooks the largest ice skating rink in Europe during the winter months.  In the summer, it is used primarily for recreational boating.  When we were there it was between seasons and the lake had been mostly drained.

Andean musicians  pond  Mujegpalya Pavilion

Heading back to the hotel, we decided to take the underground (the Yellow, millenium line goes right down Andrássy) to save time.underground museum When we went down in the Hosok station (the nearest one) there was some sort of problem – 2 cars were sitting there with doors open and people hanging around waiting for them to "fix" it.  So we walked on down to the Kodaly station, where there was someone in a booth to sell us tickets, and took the train back to Deak Ferenc Ter which is right in front of the hotel.  I recalled hearing about the Underground Museum that was supposed to be at that station.  It's not perfectly obvious, however, since three lines cross at Deak Ferenc Ter - but one of the security people told us it was at the Blue Line entrance so we walked across the street and found it.  It's very small but only cost 350HUF (less than $2) and we found it interesting.  It follows the chronology of the construction and inauguration of the underground – English translations were provided for almost all of the displays that included models of cars and parts; many photos and some actual retired cars are on display as well (picture at left).  The Budapest Underground opened in 1896 and was the first on continental Europe.  

Finally, before going back to our room, I wanted to walk down the "fair" (read: flea market, souvenir booths) behind the hotel since I did not yet have any souvenir to bring home.  I used to get prints wherever we went but now I'm about out of wall space so I have to find smaller items:  I bought some lovely silk earrings.

Shoe memorial As we went into the hotel, tired and ready to crash, I stopped and asked Andas, our Viking host, if the "shoe memorial" was nearby.  We had heard people talking about how poignant it was and I wondered if we could stop there before going to dinner.  margaret bridgeHe showed us on the map where it was (near the Parliament on the riverbank) and also eagerly showed us a route that would take us by several other things we had not seen yet.  His enthusiasm was enough to get us going again!  So, instead of crashing for 90 minutes, we made a quick room stop and then went back out.  We easily found the shoes… the display honors those who were shot by the Arrow Cross Militiamen in 1944-45; Jews were ordered to remove their shoes then lined up along the edge of the river and shot so that their bodies fell into the river to be washed away.  There are supposed to be several plaques explaining this, but we didn't see them.  These are cast iron replicas of shoes, permanently mounted on the Danube bank as a remembrance.  Due to construction and cleaning activities at the Parliament Building, we had to walk almost all the way up to the Margaret Bridge (see a tram crossing it in the picture above, right) to cross the street again. 

Red Thursday memorialFollowing Andas' route, we walked along the back of Parliament past the Ethnographical Museum and then Ministry of Agriculture building that hosts a memorial (round bullets in the wall - left) to Red Thursday, when the Soviets open fired on students October 25, 1956. 

Imre Nagy memorial Next we found the little bridge with a statue of Imre Nagy (and today, Katie) standing on it.  He was the prime minister during the 1956 revolution and was executed by the soviets.  Next was the Ronald Reagan bronze statue erected in 2011 commemorating his role in the fall of communism, where Barb posed with him.  Barb and ReaganYou may notice the Parliament dome directly behind us.
 
Reagan stands at one end of the Liberty Square (sometimes translated as Freedom Square) that has many great buildings surrounding it, including the Stock Exchange building, the Hungarian Last soviet monumentNational Bank, and the Hungarian National Television headquarters.  The one that intrigued us the most had big signs up saying No Admittance and icons for "no photos" along with armed guards.  We obeyed the threatening signs and didn't take a picture of it.  After we got home, I learned it was the American Embassy!  Also in Liberty Square is one of the last Soviet monuments.  It honors the members of the Red Army who died in 1944-45 during the liberation of Budapest from the Nazi regime.  The gold emblem in the center (you can see it if you enlarge the picture) is the Communist symbol: hammer and sickle.  At the top is the Communist 5 pointed star.  Its proximity to the Reagan statue, celebrating the liberation from communism, is rather ironic.

Rezkakas The timing was perfect.  We finished up in St. Stephen's Square where we rested for about 15 minutes and took some more pictures of the basilica with the sun behind us.  Then we went to supper just down the block at the bistro Rezkakas - "the Copper Rooster."  Again Andas did well for us; it was a great place!  I had goulash soup as appetizer and then braised pike-perch with spinach gnocchi and a very yummy sauce.  Katie had a duck appetizer – thinly sliced on greens with apple and sesame seeds - and chicken paprikash entrée.  We were both very full and very happy with our meals. 

Back at the hotel we had to pack up and get ready to get up at 3 AM for a 3:45 pickup for a 6:15 AM plane.   Tired but feeling good about all we got done today! 

Tuesday April 2

The hotel had croissants and juice in the lobby for us at 3:30 AM; the bus got us to airport in plenty of time. Budapest airport was easy.  AMS was a pain.  Passport control was a short line and quick this time (unlike when we were returning from Italy).  sunriseBut then at the gate we had to go through not only regular security screening again (where they take away our water...) but also an interview.  It was a nusiance for us, but a real obstacle for the many non-English speakers who were ticketed on the flight.  sad

However, we got back safely to Minneapolis with no difficulties at MSP customs and no lost luggage!  We went to bed about 4:30 PM local time (11:30 PM by "body" time) so of course we were awake before dawn.  But that gave us an opportunity to watch the lovely sunrise from Katie's 10th floor condo.   I arrived back home in Iowa around 1:30 PM.  It took me 3 or 4 days to get my body back on US time, but it was a wonderful trip and I'd love to do it again!

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